Further to this, this chapter identifies and describes the population, sample, research instruments and methods of data collection utilised in the study. "sameAs": [ Do not make any assumptions and leave out details on what you did when collecting data. You could have a short introduction or preamble restating the ‘problem statement’, the ‘purpose of the study’, the ‘research questions’ and/or ‘hypotheses’. Data is an important part of the research to do the analysis. The primary reason for conducting this research is to satisfy academic goals; hence, the population's personal data is avoided in the process. A semi-structured interview is a uniform qualitative method of inquiry. Masters Dissertation Part Writing Examples, Dissertation Methodology Sample Chapter 3. CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH DESIGN, METHODOLOGY AND RESULTS OF PHASE 1: QUANTITATIVE STUDY 3.1 INTRODUCTION Research design indicates the structure and procedure followed to answer research questions. My paper was done on time and I just received the grade – it’s a winner! - Choose any deadline Get an experienced writer start working on your paper, Check Samples Establishing the structure of interviews based on the research questions and objectives. Research methodology 3.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter deals with the research methodology of the study, including the research design, setting, population, sample and data-collection instrument. The quantitative data collected from the questionnaire survey are analysed. It deals with unstructured techniques such as group discussions, interviews, and personal observations etc. Do not simply copy and paste test from Chapter 1. Unless the population is extremely small, a sample usually will be drawn from the population. "@type": "PostalAddress", The survey design was used for this study and administered to a selected sample from a specific population of advertising managers in the hospitality industry in the state of Penang, Malaysia. The current study's secondary data used various sources such as official reports, books, guides, websites, journal articles, and websites. It was also essential to consider previous research making it necessary to extract data from academic peer-reviewed journals to compare and standardise variables of the current study. Chapter Three. The first section explains the rationale for using a mixed methods approach and ethical and practical issues. It was also essential to consider previous research making it necessary to extract data from academic peer-reviewed journals to compare and standardise variables of the current study. Here in Chapter 3, you emphasise the methods and procedures (or techniques) that will be employed in answering the Research Questions and Hypotheses. This dissertation makes use of qualitative research strategy, where the research approach implemented has been that of interpretivism. We do not sell your data and do not resell our papers. Based on this premise, the research was conducted in a sequence process of two phases (Phase 1, presented in this chapter and Phase 2, presented in Chapter 4). Arranging the suitable time for conducting the interviews. Adapt an existing instrument to meet your needs – describe in detail how you adapted the instrument. The chapter concludes with a summary of the chapter. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 3.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter will explain the method adopted by this research. Secondary Analysis of Quantitative Data Portfolio Entry, Taking great care in designing and writing up the questionnaire to link/connect the questionnaire questions with the objectives of the, Reviewing a draft of the questionnaire with some university students at the University of South Wales (including Libyan students) who are conducting similar researches and see what advice available for improving the question. The interview's initial questions simply attempt to explore the respondent’s job responsibilities within the General Authority for Environmental Protection in Tripoli-Libya. Did you conduct the interview using a structured or semi-structured interview schedule? Simultaneously, quantitative research is an experimental and structured based research that quantifies the problem through numerical data and solves it through a strong statistical methodology. – e.g. Willis (2007) defines interpretivism as an approach which is implemented by the researcher in order to synthesize facts which are derived mainly from secondary sources, and which are qualitative in nature. Almost everyone has had experience with surveys. The questionnaire does not include any contact information, identity card numbers, etc. This by using SPSS computer software. Respondents were requested to complete the Questionnaire and return it through post within 2 weeks. This Chapter presents the description of the research process. Furthermore, it wasn't easy to carry out a questionnaire survey regarding the data collection process. The current research falls in the category of a case study based on developing an in-depth analysis of a single case of Tripoli city. How many items / questions for each instrument? Ensuring adequate confidentiality levels of research data. All comments were taken into consideration and errors amended and re-piloted until no further changes were considered necessary”, Pilot Testing for Your Study by Dr. C. Lentz. For this reason, a simple random sampling strategy was used to target respondents to complete the questionnaire survey form. State the descriptive and inferential statistical tests used in analysing the data. For example, the target population was supervisors in food manufacturing factories and the sample selected was 10 supervisors. It was also essential to consider previous research making it necessary to extract data from academic peer-reviewed journals to compare and standardise variables of the current study. All participants of research should not be undergone to harm in any way. It was also essential to consider previous research making it necessary to extract data from academic peer-reviewed journals to compare and standardise variables of the current study. They were administered the Questionnaire to ensure that the items accurately addressed the research questions. Excerpt of a ‘Preamble’ or ‘Introduction’ sub-section: “Bullying continues to be a problem in schools. In Chapter 1 this is a summary of the methodology and contains a brief outline of three things: (a) the participants in a qualitative study or thesubjects of a quantitative study (human participants are referred tyo as participants, non-human subjects are referred to as subjects), (b) the instrumentation used to collect data, and (c) the procedure that will be followed. This section describes the limitations and difficulties of the characteristics of the current study’s methodology, which may impact the interpretation of the results. Some of the assumptions to carry out further calculations are as follows: As discussed earlier, the interviews will be conducted on Skype, a video call software that functions through the internet. Sending a letter General Authority for Environmental Protection in Tripoli-Libya explains the overall aim of carrying out this study and requesting interviews with them (The letter is attached in Appendix C). Here the term ‘Research Design’ is used. This chapter discussed the research methodology of the study and described the research design, population, sample, data-collection instrument and ethical considerations. However, having this sub-section tells the reader from the on-set whether your  study used an experimental design, a survey or a case study and so forth. To acquire the qualitative type of primary data, survey questionnaire and semi-structured interview methods are used which are provided in the appendix A and B respectively. Bivariate correlational analysis were conducted in order to assess the strength of direction of the relationship between stress and achievement”. The questions attempt to explore the views of green energy and sustainable initiatives on a government level to comprehend the extent to which an AD plan can be implemented in Tripoli. in detail. It was also essential to consider previous research making it necessary to extract data from academic peer-reviewed journals to compare and standardise variables of the current study. In this study, the sample participants had to aged 50 and above, had a masters degree, been in their present position for at least 5 years and willing to participate in the study”. Question Types and Pilot Testing by G. Gibbs, Questionnaire Layout and Wording by G. Gibbs, Questionnaire Rating and Scales by G. Gibbs. SURVEY using the Questionnaire lend themselves to group administration; while assuring confidentiality and were effective in providing information in a relatively brief time period at low cost to the researcher (Robson, 1993). Ensuring that the privacy of research participants is protected. The chapter will discuss in detail the various stages of developing the methodology of the current study. his website provides an excellent list of phrases which you could adapt when writing Chapter 3 of your thesis or project paper. Unlike experimental research, the non-experimental research strategy does not try to bring about any change in particular. Items 7 to 13 is regarding ‘facility maintenance’. CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY The methods used in this research consist of a combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches: a “mixed methods” approach, which is described in more detail in this chapter. The questionnaires for Tripoli community is intended to investigate the attitudes and role of Tripoli residents (Appendix 2) Content removed…. The current study's secondary data used various sources such as official reports, books, guides, websites, journal articles, and websites. In this research, to ensure the reliability and validity of the questionnaire survey, some measures are taken, that includes; The online survey link is sent to the two biggest universities in Tripoli city: the University of Tripoli and the University of Nasser in Tripoli. Data acquisition and analysis is a vital part of the project as the statistics and estimated calculations are derived based on collected data by the people of Tripoli. The current study's secondary data used various sources such as official reports, books, guides, websites, journal articles, and websites. The data collection involves more than one methods, e.g. "https://www.facebook.com/Researchprospect","https://twitter.com/researchprosp", "https://www.instagram.com/research_prospect/" It was also essential to consider previous research making it necessary to extract data from academic peer-reviewed journals to compare and standardise variables of the current study. The internal rate of return (IRR) and Net Present Value (NPV) has been taken as the plant's cost estimation efficiency parameters. Chapter 3 Methodology This study was conducted in order to assess the business practice or strategy of AIA in Hong Kong. Please check with the requirements specified by your respective institution. Did you make available the Questionnaire online. The current study's secondary data used various sources such as official reports, books, guides, websites, journal articles, and websites. The main secondary data source for the current study was anaerobic digestion technology efficiency studies extracted from online peer-reviewed journal articles. Chapter 3 -- Survey Research Design and Quantitative Methods of Analysis for Cross-sectional Data. It is a framework that has been created to find answers to research questions. A questionnaire is defined as a set of written/designed questions, the purpose of the questionnaire is to obtain data and information from a large number of population, as an example of that, to identify points of views of some respondents regarding a phenomenon or a particular issue or interest (Mathers et al., 2007). Then discuss the sub-sections involved and how you will address each throughout the Chapter. Internal rate of return (IRR) and Net Present Value (NPV) calculations are the evaluation criteria to evaluate cost-benefit analysis. If you make a mistake in selecting or explaining your research methods… "name": "Research Prospect", he INSTRUMENTATION is the process of developing the Instrument for collecting the relevant data to answer the research questions. It helps in providing useful information concerning the participant’s experiences. i.e. The researcher explains how the necessary data and information to address the research objectives and questions was collected, presented and analyzed. Research Design A cross-sectional correlation research design was used for this study where the caregivers’ Compassion Fatigue levels were assessed in relation to their Sense of Coherence scores. This may result in a lack of participation of some people in Tripoli to fill in the questionnaire survey. The analysis method of the collected data relies on instruments used for the collection of data. The research is only done for academic purposes. "address": { Last Modified 15 August 1998 . The current study uses two sets of sampling strategies for obtaining data from the questionnaire survey and interview questions. What does each section measure? In this sub-section, you tell the reader briefly the how you analysed the data. Selecting several 5 participants from the chosen organisation. The raw data gathered before this step does not express the full meaning of the respondents. Figure 1- The mixed-method research design (source, Sauro, 2015), Orders completed by our expert writers are, Formally drafted in the academic style100% Plagiarism-free & 100% Confidential  Never resold  Include unlimited free revisions Completed to match exact client requirements. Simultaneously, quantitative research is an experimental and structured based research that quantifies the problem through numerical data and solves it through a strong statistical methodology. ‘Describing Methods’. Hire a Writer Generally, you have 3 options: Then tell the reader about the feature of the Instrument/s used in your study such as: Finally, tell the reader, the steps taken to ensure that the instrument/s are reliable and valid. Research is the quest for knowledge, to weigh, evaluate and observe facts in order to explain opaque proceedings (Kothari, 2005). why 10 and not 15? Here, the title ‘Research Methodology’ is used in which you describe in detail how you collected the data to answer your research questions stipulated in Chapter 1 – Introduction. To begin with, the questionnaire survey called for respondents that are homeowners residing and resident of Tripoli. However, non-experimental research may or may not include hypothesis testing (Cole, 2015). I contacted and they had a writer on it pronto. We use cookies which you can view and control. Here we will focus on how to write Chapter 3 for a Qualitative piece of research.Some components will be similar to the methodology chapter for Quantitative research while there are components that are different. A detailed financial analysis is a key component of the current study. The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the research methodology for this qualitative grounded theory study regarding what motivates women to stay in or return to STEM professions long-term. - Rates starting at £0.08 per word “The population for this study comprised all human resource directors in banks in the state of Sabah. Opinions, suggestions, recommendations and results in this piece are those of the author and should not be taken as our company views. Chapter 3 Research Methodology Writing Chapter 3: Methods and Procedure Begin the chapter with a brief explanation of what the chapter is all about. This chapter clearly defines the research methods used to conduct the study. 3- 1 Chapter Three: Research Methodology 3.1 Introduction The way in which research is conducted may be conceived of in terms of the research philosophy subscribed to, the research strategy employed and so the research instruments utilised (and perhaps developed) in the pursuit of a goal - the research objective(s) - and the quest for the solution of a problem - the research question. The research design refers to the overall design ranging from data collection methods, type of data and analysis techniques used to research. The anonymity of those who are participating in research should be ensured. It was also essential to consider previous research making it necessary to extract data from academic peer-reviewed journals to compare and standardise variables of the current study. How Do I Choose a Dissertation Methodology? The respondents' responses will be analysed descriptively and then correlated with the data obtained from the questionnaire responses. The interviews have been structured to not last over twenty-six(26) minutes in which participants are asked a series of questions associated with the topic of interest. A unlucky trend inside a couple of institutions should be to repeat the study questions and/or ideas in Chapter 1 and Chapter 3, a pointless redundancy. { All data; transcriptions, audio-recordings, and questionnaire forms, will be destroyed upon completing the project. Moreover, as the researcher was graduated from the Higher Centre/College of the Occupational Safety and Health in Tripoli, the online survey link is sent by a Wechat phone message to the general coordinator at the Information Technology Department in this Centre/College to distribute the link among staff, students and lecturers to allow them to participate in this survey (the message is attached in appendix 4). Participants should be informed that they could withdraw from the study at any time without questions being asked. However, the subjects involved in the pilot-test should be similar to the subjects involved in the final study. For this reason, a simple random sampling strategy was used to target respondents to complete the questionnaire survey form. In this regard, the nature and the quantity of the gathered data to a certain extent determine the techniques of analysis to be adopted (Flowerdew, 2005). The cost of establishing an AD plant (in the UK) that processes approximately the same (tons) of food wastes generated per year in Tripoli is determined to provide the AD plant's establishment cost in Tripoli. It should be noted that no identifying information was included in the transcription of the interviews. 3. The interview's remaining seven questions examine the respondent’s opinion on anaerobic digestion plant as a waste management tool and a means for electricity generation. In this chapter, the research methodology for the collecting and organising of appropriate research data for this study will be discussed and analysed. Department of Information and Documentation and to the department of Students and Staff Activities in both universities, the survey link is distributed among students, staff and lectures (emails are attached in appendix 4). The current study uses semi-structured interview, comprising of 7 questions. Equally important was to determine  whether the items were well-defined, clearly understood, time taken to complete the questionnaire and presented in a consistent manner. The interviewees' responses will be incorporated into the findings by describing the responses in parallel with the quantitative findings. interviews, documents, and observations. This is followed by the research design, where the methods used to gather, process and analyze the data are … The proposed survey questionnaire is prepared and kept online for 20 days to gather as much data as possible to make accurate estimations and derive statistics about food waste amount and type of food waste and identify views of people regarding AD technology. Open questions were specifically drafted so that the participant could elaborate on their opinions. The Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of the proposed project is the discount rate at which the Net Present Value of the project (NPV) is equal to zero, which means discounted costs are equal to discounted benefits. The SURVEY involved the administration of a Questionnaire which sought to obtain data on current practices and opinions on the future of advertising in the hospitality sector. As this research is attempting to investigate the application of the anaerobic digestion technology for food waste management and energy generation in Tripoli, to establish interpretative frameworks to assess the potential to adopt such technology, this questionnaire is to be used as a method to collect information and data from the people in Tripoli. You could have a short introduction or preamble restating the ‘problem statement’, the ‘purpose of the study’, the ‘research questions’ and/or ‘hypotheses’. Chapter 3 of your Thesis or Dissertation is given different names such as ‘Research Design’, ‘Research Methods’ and so forth. The design of a study defines the research method such as survey, correlational, quasi-experimental, experimental, case study and so forth. Note that the information regarding methodology should be comprehensive and detailed enough to permit, Some argue that the ‘Research Design’ sub-section is. It is the correlation of the two that makes up a significant part of the most important field of scientific research and technology (Kumar, 2005). Readers trying to figure out what you actually did which will definitely irritate them. The current chapter reviews the study’s research method strategy in terms of research design, data collection methods, and approaches used to manipulate and analyse obtained data. In this research, although data collection involved questionnaire-based surveys and interviews, the ethics of the research are always kept first. It was also essential to consider previous research making it necessary to extract data from academic peer-reviewed journals to compare and standardise variables of the current study. The current study's secondary data used various sources such as official reports, books, guides, websites, journal articles, and websites. Readers trying to figure out what you actually did which will definitely irritate them. They are widely used as a key tool for conducting management research and obtaining information about opinions, perceptions and attitudes. In order to gather the necessary data, the researcher utilized the descriptive method, using both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The current study's secondary data used various sources such as official reports, books, guides, websites, journal articles, and websites. Academic Phrasebank by Dr. John Morley, The University of Manchester, The Structure of the Thesis or Dissertation, Writing Chapter 3 – Methodology for Quantitative Research, Writing Chapter 3 – Methodology for Qualitative Research, Writing Chapter 4 – Analysis & Results for Quantitative Research, Writing Chapter 4 – Analysis & Results for Qualitative Research, Writing Chapter 5 – Summary, Discussion and Recommendations, What Examiners Look For in a Thesis or Dissertation, Chapter 3 of your Thesis or Dissertation is given different names such as ‘Research Design’, ‘Research Methods’ and so forth. A representative sample resembles important characteristics of the population from which it was drawn, in ways that are important for the research being conducted. The purpose of this study at … A research strategy is basically an approach to accurately answering the research question and meeting the research objectives. A student has produced the paper. The current research study does not use or include hypothesis testing. In Chapter 3 of your Thesis, you discuss details about the methodology you employed in collecting data for your study. The quantitative approach to gathering information focuses on describing a trend or … Birley and Moreland (1998) describe data collecting as the part of a project where many researchers feel that the “real” research occurs. Some argue that the ‘Research Design’ sub-section is not essential while other interpret ‘research design’ is actually Chapter 3 – Methodology and not a sub-section of Chapter 3. Market surveys ask respondents whether they recognize products and their feelings about them. Bryman and Bell (2007) stated that ethical Considerations are specified as one of the most important parts of any research. Other characteristics are almost the same, including that the samples for the study are collected from known populations, and measurements are based on the minimum number of variables while other variables are controlled. While IRR is calculated as, Some of the other investment of the plant is, Some of the other investment other than the investment of the plant is. Did you conduct the interview and where was it conducted?