� * (� "�"�� ��*� �* * �� (��"� (` @ K( a@@K JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. � � � ��� Review of Barnabas Calder's 'RAW CONCRETE: The Beauty of Brutalism' h�22V0P02Q07Q���wJ,Nu��+���M-� ��M��w�K�O��K���s�+΄�K�J*R�C��!��i���4ɳ$1'3�� К7� � �� ����p"�h�w���Xz�*�-�QE@ &\��o�L}s�j��\� ��1���h��:f���_a���Ï~Q�0�?48���sL�Ν���\m4�o�?����y��熚mx�����u5S�����.��&����b�yDZ�����b2�zh�����>�=�����ޜ���$^;"f�z�LS8�1�{�Z׻㷓up�86�-{���1t������s8X�z��^ʢo/n����6Z����[2y�3qLJTU���7�d����-����i/��x�x9jk�-O �ɬ���9�k�p�c�9���m�s�2�]T��mQ��l��l�kWT��M�|. The name comes from béton brut, which is French for raw or rough concrete. ( ��"( %PDF-1.6 %���� Béton brut or 'raw concrete' was a term coined by Le Corbusier and appropriated by two young British architects in the 1950s to describe a new kind of building: austere, unadorned, monolithic, confrontational and constructed almost entirely in concrete. 758 likes. The raw concrete buildings of the 1960s constitute the greatest flowering of architecture the world has ever seen. 16 0 obj <> endobj ��� �� Yet these flaws are not their visibly evident aesthetics to … � ( �� ��� �D��� �� � �� � ( "�( ���J�C�P� �W�V!E,�-�TP @ @ H @ @T D @ PP A @@ P @@ E ���� @P @ Q ���Q��!bX�"��z�����E���, ��� ���� ((*� Select the purchase �P"�*B���-�E�� �( *�� � �(�( ( � �� Brutalist architecture, or New Brutalism, is an architectural style which emerged during the 1950s in Great Britain, among the reconstruction projects of the post-war era. The raw concrete buildings of the 1960s constitute the greatest flowering of architecture the world has ever seen. ��E���(��B�� �YTlY�,� �`.\�����`.-�(��A PT �X[ ! (� endstream endobj 20 0 obj <>stream But it produced some of the most sublime, awe-inspiring buildings on the planet. � ����JP���A`@ET��d�V AP@ P @@AA D E@ @ @ DD A P@PT @ P � E P P PE P @@ $ ���J��Q e���ЗX�PPEK-�ŀPT. "� Architectural History, significant source material and the results of original research. �� "� ��� Raw Concrete: the Beauty of Brutalism. � �(�� *( � H�d�[k�@���W�}�;�M�EoЀF�.���{�h����M�ز0l������SPJ�P��Ĕ b�|,*��*%�[q'�N( K�i�+��_D��'%�t+q�@)��B�t��6��'2J#Љt���_�ʽs�"ƳA�[��h�Y���g�&�d�!D��`���l����O�B��ò8쿏�j0�l�l�)��mڮNL����^`�þX���Sw�#�������UQ�Pԛ�؝'�,�˲���*�B>ܹ�ʂ%^:X���t� f�c��g���ٖ�v��� �o�|��/�}8�>��^�z]������p��B#$�����&j�z��` ��j � ( � �*� Brutalism was a movement in architecture which flourished in the 1960s and 1970s. "� �( � ( (� "���� � ����� � � "� ��� ��� * ��� � ����� �� ��(�( � ( � �� �� � � � The surprise of being beautiful and ugly in the same instance . The biggest construction boom in history promoted unprecedented technological innovation and an explosion of competitive creativity amongst architects, engineers and concrete-workers. The biggest construction boom in history promoted unprecedented technological innovation and an explosion of competitive creativity amongst architects, engineers and concrete-workers. New York Times Best Art Book of 2018 - "Newcomers will discover the global influence of brutalism, that final age of civic architectural ambition; true believers can use it to prepare years of concrete-coated vacations. His buildings from the late 1940s onwards paved the way for a new brand of Modernism, employing "beton brut", raw, unfinished concrete set in bold, geometric forms. ( � �(��� *( (��(� � ([��]n�`T E P @P P � � � � �*��t�D@ @E PTAP , "�� �"�! %%EOF In addition, thanks to new materials like carbon concrete, concrete construction is currently experiencing a revival. **���� � �� ��� �� "�`U AQT T@ P@P@P @ P � �X,���ίP�*z�"Ya��`b Béton brut (French pronunciation: [betɔ̃ bʁy]) is a French term that translates in English to “raw concrete”. � ���� � �(( ( �" 25 0 obj <>stream ( ( � �� "� Contents One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight AUTHOR'S NOTE ix INTRODUCTION Raw Concrete 1 The Seduction of Concrete: Hermit's Castle, Achmelvich 21 Monuments to the People: Trellick Tower and Balfron Tower 51 The Banker's Commune: The Barbican 85 Brutalism meets the zeitgeist today. *++9+*./45554/;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; $2(! The Brutalist style was the result. The bare building materials and structural elements over decorative design evident aesthetics to … raw concrete is common! 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