[37], Every Saturday, one can visit the haat (or market) at Sonajhuri, close to Shantiniketan. There are certificate courses in leather craft, book binding & hand-made packaging, batik work and hand-made paper making. [20], Mira Devi, Rabindranath's youngest daughter, after her failed marriage, lived in Malancha built for her in the Ashrama complex in 1926. [2] Rabindranath Tagore wrote many of his literary classics at Santiniketan. SEVAGRAM & SABARMATI ASHRAM. [citation needed], Baul performance at Sonajhuri Saturday haat, Local village hndicrafts and other items at Sonajhuri Saturday haat, neighbourhood in Bolpur, Birbhum, West Bengal, India, Neighbourhood in Birbhum, West Bengal, India, District Census Handbook Birbhum (Part A), Satyendra Prasanna Sinha, 1st Baron Sinha, Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Santiniketan, "District Human Development Report: Birbhum, Chapter IV: Economic Opportunities and Security of Livelihood", "Visva Bharati complex, Ravindra Bhavana", "Museum and book in memory of Rathindranath Tagore, son of Rabindranath Tagore", "Exploring Tagore's Santiniketan, an abode of Learning Unlike Any in the world", "Marriage of Nandita (daughter of Mira), grand daughter of Rabindranath", "Station: Shantiniketan, Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Ballabhpur Wildlife Sanctuary (Deer Park)", Santiniketan: The Making of a Contextual Modernism, Notable people associated with Santiniketan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shantiniketan&oldid=998948376, Articles with Bengali-language sources (bn), Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 19:45. Shanti Ashram was founded for the first time by Nigamananda on Akshay Tritiya at Kumilla Durgapur in 1314 B.S. [5] It was a new feather in the cap of the Tagore family which was the leading family contributing to the enrichment of life and society in Bengal in many fields of activity over a long period of time. The ashram is currently involved in the upliftment of the under-privileged section of the society. It houses a major part of Rabindranath's manuscripts, correspondence, paintings and sketches, 40,000 volumes of books and 12,000 volumes of bound journals, photographs and numerous items associated with the poet's life. Pioneers in Niche Retirement Communities. It was founded by Debendranath Tagore. However, spring mesmerises with its charm with natural beauty at its full bloom welcoming the Vasant Utsav and, thus, making March the most favourable time to visit the place. He built a guest house there and named it Shantiniketan (the abode of peace). Bus and private cars are available from Kolkata (outstation cab service of Ola Cabs, Uber from Kolkata), Durgapur City Centre Bus Stop,Katwa,Berhampore and soon from Santragachi Railway Station in Howrah. It is now a large wooded area with herds of deer and makes a natural bird sanctuary. It is located on the banks of the Kopai River, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the central areas of Santiniketan. It is generally one of the first points of interest for anybody visiting Santiniketan. It also offers 2-year courses in Arabic, Assamese, Bengali, Chinese, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Marathi, Odia, Pali, Persian, Russian, Sanskrit, Santali, Tamil, Tibetan and Urdu. The lowest temperature ever recorded is 5.0°C, on 15 January 2003 (see the weather box below). It is a tourist attraction where thousands of visitors each year come to witness the university – an envisioned and accomplished idea of Rabindranath Tagore. Shantiniketan is a neighbourhood in Bolpur city established by Maharshi Devendranth Tagore in 1863 and later expanded by his son Rabindranath Tagore as … She is our own, the darling of our hearts, Santiniketan. Summer is felt for three months, March, April and May. ShantiNiketan Ashram (SNA) is a 501 (C)3 non-profit organization with a mission to provide seniors living in SNA, a dignified, peaceful, and happy environment where they can spend their golden years. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. [14] In 2013, Visva Bharati opened a museum Guha Ghar, in the Uttarayan complex, in memory of Rathindranath Tagore. The Santals on either side of the main door and on the eastern corner were by Ramkinkar Baij. 25 Baisakh (7-8 May) is the birthday of Rabindranath Tagore but his birth anniversary is celebrated along with and subsequent to the Bengali New Year (mid April onwards). Our dreams are rocked in her arms. Later on Rabindranath himself founded the Brahmo Vidyalaya school and later on in the year 1901 he established his dream the first open air school. The purpose behind it is to serve the distressed, the grieved, the sick and the poor. for she is our own, the darling of our, Shantiniketan was founded and developed by members of the Tagore family. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map. He set up an ashram at the spot that has now come to be called chatim tala at the heart of the town. [14], “The landscape of Shantiniketan is dotted with sculptures by Ramkinkar Baij (1906-1980), larger-than-life figures of Santals who were in reality part of the landscape. Kalo Bari - the house built with mud and coal tar. at an average elevation of 56 metres (187 feet). Rabindranath's father, Maharshi Debendranath Tagore, found it very peaceful and renamed it Santiniketan, which means abode (niketan) of peace (shanti). It has a museum, archives, library and other units. In 1901, Rabindranath started a Brahmacharyaashrama and it came to be known as Patha Bhavana from 1925. In the early decades of the twentieth century Rabindranath Tagore, who set up his unique ashram school in 1901, was the shaping spirit of the Poush Mela. [34] Satyendra Prasanna Sinha, 1st Baron Sinha donated for the construction of Sinha Sadan with a clock tower and bell. [23]Dinantika, built in 1939, housed the Cha chakra, where staff members of Visva Bharati met over a cup of tea for meetings and relaxation. [11], Rabindra Bhavana, founded in 1942, just after the death of the poet, is the focal point of Visva Bharati. History of Shantiniketan Santiniketan was previously called Bhubandanga (named after Bhuban Dakat, a local dacoit), and owned by the Tagore family. With this in mind, on December 22, 1901, Rabindranath Tagore established an experimental school at Santiniketan with five students (including his eldest son) and an equal number of teachers. Click on the pic to enlarge for a glimpse of the wall decoration. Sangit Bhavana offers courses in Rabindra Sangit, Hindustani classical vocal, sitar, esraj, tabla, pakhawaj, Kathakali dance and Manipuri dance. [33], Holi, the festival of colours, is celebrated in its own style at Santiniketan – it is called Basanta Utsav and welcomes the arrival of spring. December, January and February are the winter months. He retired as the longest serving principal of Patha Bhavana. [19] After the death of his father in 1941, Rathindranath took over the burden of all responsibilities at Santiniketan. Shyamali and Konark are mud houses. Tagore’s Ashram is a house of distinctive and resplendent natural beauty which is worth watching. Numerous festivals range from Basanta Utsav and Barsha Mangal to Maghotsav and Rabindra Jayanti. Later on, Rabindranath founded the Santiniketan School in his father's ashram in 1901. Amongst these, Poush Mela which opens on the seventh day of the Poush month is one such 3 day grand affair attracting thousands of visitors from all over. Note: The map alongside presents some of the notable locations in the area. Shantiniketan saw its highest temperature rising 47.0°C, on 10 June 1966. Bhuban Mohan Sinha had developed a small village in the Bolpur area and named it Bhubandanga. [18] His son, Rathindranath Tagore was one of the first five students at the Brahmacharya asrama at Santiniketan. Shantiniketan is situated at 23°41′N 87°41′E / 23.68°N 87.68°E . It has beautiful frescoes by Nandalal Bose. [14], Indira Devi Chaudhurani, daughter of Satyendranath Tagore, started living in Santiniketan in 1941 and took charge of Sangit Bhavana. The programme starts from the morning with singing and dancing to Tagore's tunes by the students and ends with spreading coloured powders (called ‘abir’) and expression of festive wishes. The annual average temperature is 26.2°C. Only a selective list is presented here to give an idea of the range of courses offered. Gradually, the whole area came to be known as Shantiniketan. Known as Kaviguru Rabindranath Tagore’s abode, Tagore’s Ashram is one of the must-visit places in Santiniketan. This is a village market and one can buy local handicrafts, listen to folk music sung by tribal groups and eat local home made food. Sri Gouranga Anath Niketan was founded there on the 26th Agrahayana 1318 B.S. Tagore's Ashram: Steeped in history - See 84 traveller reviews, 84 candid photos, and great deals for Santiniketan, India, at Tripadvisor. 10) Visva Bharati Santiniketan In 1863, Debendra Nath Tagore, the father of Rabindranath Tagore, founded this ashram in the northern part of Bolpur city for God-oriented and ritualistic worship. The area is flanked on two sides by the rivers, the Ajay and the Kopai. [14], In Birbhum district, the fairs (mela in Bengali) are spread right across the district and are thought of as an extension of the concept of markets, a place of not only trade and business but also a meeting place of people and an arena for cultural exchange. Tagore's Ashram: Steeped in history - See 84 traveller reviews, 84 candid photos, and great deals for Santiniketan, India, at Tripadvisor. 5, from Bhuban Mohan Sinha, the talukdar of Raipur, Birbhum. Shantiniketan by William Winstanley Pearson, unknown edition, Open Library is an initiative of the Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form.Other projects include the … June, July, August and September see heavy rainfall, these four months are known as monsoon (rainy season). Natun Bari was built in 1902 for residential purposes. Nandan Mela marks Nandalal Bose's birth anniversary (on 1–2 December) and is a special attraction for art lovers. History- Important places, persons in news History: Visva-Bharati University. Briksharopan and Halkarshan emphasise man's closeness to nature and are held on 22-23 Shraavana (August). History Of Shantiniketan. It was Nandalal Bose, who created an environment where art would be a part of life and the children of Santiniketan have grown absorbing these beautiful monuments as they have the oxygen in the air.”[14]. Rabindranath Tagore converted the ashram into an open air school which was eventually recognized as the Visva Bharti University in 1921. Tagore’s Ashram, the abode of Rabindranath Tagore is recognised as a place of historical significance since he wrote many of his literary works here. Krishna Kripalani, husband of Nandita (Buri), daughter of Mira Devi, taught at Santiniketan for nearly 15 years, beginning 1933. Many of these institutes with myriad structures have been decorated by illustrious artists. Get this from a library! After the formal Visva Bharati programme, other programmes follow. Best Santiniketan Hotels on Tripadvisor: Find 1,277 traveller reviews, 2,046 candid photos, and prices for hotels in Santiniketan, West Bengal, India. Its foundation was laid by Maharishi Debendra Tagore, father of Rabindranath Tagore, in the year 1863. It was es­tab­li… The climate of Shantiniketan is moderately warm, with summer temperatures at around 35-42 °C (maximum) and winter at 10-15 °C (minimum). By 1921, this school was expanded to form the famous Vishva Bharati University. Patha Bhavana came up after Rabindranath started residing in Santiniketan. Halkarshan emphasise man 's closeness to nature and are held on Mahalaya.! There was a small place in the freedom of her trees we meet the... Principal of Patha Bhavana and Halkarshan emphasise man 's closeness to nature and held... 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